China, Philippines to Cooperate on Oil, Gas Exploitation in Disputed Sea

an ascending power (China) facing off against an established one…great danger. especially given that the established one’s go to tactic is military force. which though very destructive has a poor track record. the usna’s failure in Vietnam has been followed by several unending attempts at subduing various nations. on a casualty basis, the us military is unsurpassed but has gained very little politically though it does keep their “enemies” busy just trying to survive.

Tiananmen's Tremendous Achievements

SCMP says in its report “China-Philippine relations ‘never been better’, says ex-president Gloria Arroyo” that during Chinese President Xi Jinping’s just finished visit to the Philippines, the two countries signed 29 deals including a memorandum of understanding to cooperate on oil and gas development in the South China Sea.

Preceding his visit to the Philippines, Xi visited Brunei and agreed with it “on further win-win cooperation in exploiting oil and gas resources in the disputed South China Sea”, according to SCMP’s report “China and Brunei to step up oil and gas development in disputed South China Sea” on November 19.

I said in my comment on SCMP’s that report titled “China Solving South China Sea Disputes by Oil, Gas Exploitation Cooperation” on November 20:

Xi is to visit the Philippines today and may conclude some agreement on cooperation in exploiting oil and gas with the Philippines. As Vietnam and Malaysia…

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Climate Change Action Would Kill Imperialism

Thoughtful encapsulation of our dilemma.

manuelgarciajr


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Climate Change Action Would Kill Imperialism

Climate change action would kill imperialism, and that is why we can’t have it in America.

American political power is based on fossil fuels, and the US military is the engine that consumes those fuels to produce that power. So long as there is an American political elite that craves lucrative personal prestige and the ability to dominate internationally, the US economy will be fossil-fueled capitalism that maintains the military colossus that enables and protects those elite ambitions.

US military-enabled imperial power is of two varieties:

first: the hard power that overtly invades and seeks to control territory to impose American capitalist domination, as for example capturing pipeline routes south through Afghanistan and Pakistan – away from China – out of Central Asian oil fields; the guarding of sea lanes crucial for petroleum transport west, as at Suez and the Strait of Hormuz…

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note on the 10,000 year slave state project

No more “slave” labor? so, i’ve been informed.

i use the the terms “slave” state, wage slaves, slave state parties…demi-shits, republic-rats and some… all?… my FB friends scratch their heads.  WTF?

most of us share a background of M-L Trotskyism.

we shared nearby limbs of that political tree when i, we were much younger. over the course of decades, we traveled similar though not identical paths. few have become out and out right wingers… though a few cross the class line… for “good” causes they tell themselves.

as an avowed socialist/communist immersed in the M-L-T milieu, i regarded capitalism, colonialism, imperialism as a recent phenomena…perhaps stretching back to the industrial revolution of the 19th century, the colonialism of the late 15th, early 16th centuries…perhaps back to the mercantile capitalism of 13th, 14th century european city states.

our, my project was to remove the capitalist class from the commanding heights of the economy & society.  in our version of that, we w’d create a mega-state that we (following the M-L-T tradition) designated a “worker’s state”, the “dictatorship of the proletariat” that w’d be “temporary”, a bridge to a society where we w’d realize our vision (which i still regard as wonderfully utopian) of “from each according to their ability, to each according to their need“.
this served as my ideological mind set for most of my adult life.  when i regarded the anarchist views of the state as the source of our oppression, i dismissed them without much concern…after all Marx, Engels, the 2nd Int’l had expelled them from their midst way back when.  and we/i idolized the Russian Revolution model for the future…and everything nasty in that was a necessary evil.  (to paraphrase Pangloss in Candide).

leap ahead 40, 50 years…as a friend of mine said “man with mouth open will wait a long time for a crust of bread to fall out of the sky into his mouth”.

simply put…100 years after the RR, i’ve entered a period of re assessment.

 

have  i abandoned my hostility towards the capitalist class and it’s war mongering ways?  NO.
have i abandoned my concern for my fellow toilers…the humanity that i* …sometimes… identify with?  NO.  in most cases, i’m far to the left of most of my former comrades.
(*following in the buddhist tradition, the concept of I is a dubious one.)

 

what has changed?

i’ve examined the views of my youth regarding the history of capitalism, oppression.  this oppression is not a recent…19th or 15th or 13th century european creation.

i now take a longer view and link slavery to the transition from the paleolithic life of humanoids to settlement agriculture, generally called the neolithic.  that takes us back to the origins of the “slave” state…in various regions of the world.  6-10,000 years ago.

reading James C. Scott’s against the grain & seeing like a state, i realized that the history of the last 10,000 years of humanoid existence is the history of the neolithic settlement state project of enslaving those that refused to bow their heads and work their fields and industries for them.  the wars described in various regions…europe, asia, the american continent, africa …were rarely wars of extermination but slave grabbing expeditions.  often the defeated party…another slave state agricultural settlement, sometimes paleolithic tribes… suffered or rendered slaves to the winning party to temporarily end the conflict.

there were many permutations of this over the course of 10,000 years…

though the settlement slave states claimed all the earth…the euro colonists did not invent those type of claims for the new world…in fact, the neolithic state was geographically circumscribed, usually to its own city walls for most of history.  the claims, however, are as old  as the neolithic town/city slave states.  for most of history, these claims were grandiosely farcical.

the history of self claimed and historically designated “empires” is one of expanding their supply of slaves for their large agricultural projects.  these projects often required large scale infrastructure to progress…think Rome, Egypt, Mesopotamia, China, the Aztec & Inca projects on this side of the Atlantic.

if an “empire” achieved scale, they could enslave whole peoples for their project.  the Roman empire transformed Egypt into its breadbasket.  we see that in the modern age, with China and much of SE Asia transformed into industrial goods producers for American and European corporations & their markets.

i realized that the modern capitalist state & the states created on the Russian model were continuations of the neolithic slave state project

i’m not interested in convincing others of this insight AND i can make common cause with them on short term projects…while rejecting on a theoretical level…what i now regard as their …no longer shared by me… end vision of a new, “better” slave state.

most of them w’d grudgingly agree that the RR & it’s progeny have not resulted in the democracies or freedoms we all hoped for.  they can explain…..???

i, also, hoped there was a “reasonable, convincing” explanation.

as a young adult facing the Vietnam War, institutionalized racism, vicious colonialism, a farcically limited “democracy”, etc, i did not accept the rationalizations offered for capitalism.

i’m not a kid…perhaps never was…and i now take a longer view of the history of our oppression and agree with Scott (who’s not an avowed anarchist) and with avowed anarchists that the source of our oppression and exploitation is the slave state.  the modern panopticon, all intrusive slave state has the dna of the ancient neolithic agricultural slave state regardless of its claims to have “progressed” or the various name changes it gives itself or are given by its “enemies”… historians, ideologues or competitor states.

the history of humanoids & the neolithic slave state… of which capitalist and the industrial proletariat is a subset… is the history of paleolithic people …the world’s population of humanoids… avoiding and if captured escaping from the slave-toil intended for them by the neolithic slave state.

this realization has parallel components ideologically…for me.  though i am not familiar with the anarchist tendencies…and as with the command party tendencies, they are legion… i now question many of my previously held M-L-T concepts.  the command party model of participation in political activity and it’s vision of a command party state are no longer desirable.

so how can leftists, wanna be revolutionaries proceed?  there are other models.  none have realized the utopia we/i desire.

if we study previous slave state empires we can see their collapse is caused by war, drought, famine, pestilence…and the fleeing of their populations.

we see this in Syria, Yemen, Palestine, the middle east in general, central america with segments of the population attempting to escape.  the dominant slave states have been largely successful in cutting of their attempts.

where, when, how will this end?  in favor of the slave states or the would be Maroons?

time will tell…you think you’re in heaven but you’re living in hell.  –  Bob Marley

 

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FB comments…the neolithic slave state…does the use of this concept make me an “anarchist” & how is that a bad thing?

thought i w’d archive some of my recent FB comments here.  i had been taking screenshots but realize they are more accessible here.  in some cases, posts & comments are deleted on FB.  i’m hoping that despite that these archived comments will survive.  and when i change computers…which seems to happen every few years, i don’t lose my archived material…  unless…of course… we lose the internet.  i’ll keep adding as i go along…

from August 28 (at bottom) to October 6, 2018…

 

  • limiting an analysis of women’s oppression to the period of modern capitalism as most marxistas do is tunnel vision. the origins of women’s oppression was the growth of the neolithic (large scale sedentary agriculture) and it’s slave collection state. this began 6-10,000 years ago on various continents.

    though it took 6-10,000 years for early neolithic settlements to metastasize into the modern industrial/agricultural capitalism we’ve seen since the industrial revolution, in all instances where property values became key to large scale ownership of land, the matriarchal family model was forcibly, brutally replaced by the sexual slavery that we call “patriarchy”. imo, it’s necessary to extend our time frame otherwise our analysis is extremely incomplete.

    (see James C. Scott’s “Against the Grain” & “Seeing like a State”)

 

  • Gilberto de Leon commented on his own post.

    Oct 05, 2018 8:47am

    i know many …not all.. of us are comfortable and prefer “nice”… our concerns for the “other” are neatly parceled. we don’t think it can happen here…

    though it has. the enslavement & genocide that characterized the invasion of this continent began 500 years ago. it was quickly followed by the importing of millions of Africans into slavery for 400 years. the current wave of incarceration & criminalizing of refugees from zones of conflict are causes for great concern. who’s next?

  • Gilberto de Leon commented on Doug Nielson‘s post.
    i know, i know i’m beating a dead horse but “organized” labor bureaucracies have collected millions upon millions of dues from their wage slave membership and failed to do the necessary organizing while showering their favorite slave party with our $. now they’re mouthing “organize” rhetoric to make sure they’re at the head of the parade and remain useful to their slave masters.

 

 

there is a difference between hostile participation/ attempted “takeover” of a political party and a friendly “takeover”. in a hostile takeover, a group can run a candidate who if he/she loses, w’d refuse to endorse the eventual winner. in friendly participation….a sheep-dogging operation ala Sanders… a candidate runs, loses and then endorse his/her opponent.

though i w’d be leery of voting in a slave party pr

imary, i c’d see the value of hostile participation. that’s not what we see from Bernie or the DSA…their participation in demi-shit primaries seems genuinely friendly.

this insight …shared by anarchists & marxist-leninists can be expanded to the whole history of the neolithic slave state…in its various incarnations and transformations. we are still living in the neolitihic….settlement society around industrialized agriculture coupled with a slave catching or holding state. over the course of 10,000 years that project has overwhelmed all other cultures, ways of living. these “other” ways are demonized as barbarian, un-civilized, nomadic by the slave empires. in theory, it may be possible to create an egalitarian society based on industrialism. in theory….

must admit i’ve only read one or two books by Bookchin that i only vaguel

y recall. on my study list after i finish Richard Manning’s “Against the Grain/how agriculture has hijacked civilization”.
this concern for apologies is rhetorical. i understand that while knowing that the slave master’s churches aren’t interested or compelled to apologize to the slaves.

 

when i first arrived in LA, the mid 1970’s, it had the well-deserved reputation as an anti-union town.

in the late 90’s & first decade of this century that changed…spearheading that change was Unite Here and JOIN unions…hotel service workers & janitors had a high number of Central American immigrants with a high level of political consciousness & organization. some of the same activists that i had associated with in the 1980’s in the anti-war movements around El Salvador & Nicaragua were ctive in these union drives.

at one point, they had a massive march from downtown LA to Century City that had the character of a general strike. supporters all along the way turned out to cheer them on. it was a major turning point for LA labor movement.

  • this insight …shared by anarchists & marxist-leninists can be expanded to the whole history of the neolithic slave state…in its various incarnations and transformations. we are still living in the neolitihic….settlement society around industrialized agriculture coupled with a slave catching or holding state. over the course of 10,000 years that project has overwhelmed all other cultures, w See More
  • Gilberto de Leon commented on Mitch Sotelo‘s post.

    there is a difference between hostile participation/ attempted “takeover” of a political party and a friendly “takeover”. in a hostile takeover, a group can run a candidate who if he/she loses, w’d refuse to endorse the eventual winner. in friendly participation….a sheep-dogging operation ala Sanders… a candidate runs, loses and then endorse his/her opponent.

    though i w’d be leery of voting in a slave party primary, i c’d see the value of hostile participation. that’s not what we see from Bernie or the DSA…their participation in demi-shit primaries seems genuinely friendly.

  • this concern for apologies is rhetorical. i understand that while knowing that the slave master’s churches aren’t interested or compelled to apologize to the slaves.

     

 

SEPTEMBER 25
  • i thought “we” were the anti-war left…whichever side the “left” took, its main feature seems to be its irrelevance. tragic for the Syrians fighting Assad. and we’ve made a very poor showing in building solidarity. are there explanations for this? yes…
  • Gilberto de Leon replied to his own comment.
    don’t know much about UE though i’ve attended a couple of leftist sponsored events there. do know that the CRFEductors led Chicago Teachers Union supported the demi-can Quinn for re-election. are they supporting Pritzker this go ’round? i also know that my alma mater union, AFSCME gives tens of million of membership dues$ to the demi-shit slave party…doesn’t quite fit in with an un-critical assessment of unions current role.

 

in the 60’s and after, many of us on the left were very proud of identifying with our “national”, “racial”, “ethnic” identities while at the same time praising “internationalism”. often both seemed legitimately leftist. unless looked at carefully. in most cases, these designations are “imaginary” even if the impetus is “progressive”.

i deeply regret i didn’t read “Imagined Communities” by Benedict Anderson when it was first published. w’d have cleared up some of my confusion.

Bono Meets Dr. Shock

thenation.com

a few years ago, i learned that one of my comrades in the SL…a very accomplished economist & professor when i knew her in the early to mid 1970’s went on to be part of Jeffrey Sachs team “assisting” the collapsed USSR. she was on the SL’s central committee at the time i left the SL.

no telling where folks will wander after leaving ORO’s (ostensibly revolutionary organizations- an SL term)…

 

SEPTEMBER 24
  • when unions were organizing the unorganized industrial working class…yes… since the ouster of the socialists & communists in the late 1940s, 1950s ??? almost without exception, the labor bureaucrats have managed to squat on any labor insurgency while milking the membership like cash cows.

 

SEPTEMBER 23
  • Gilberto de Leon commented on Debra Perry‘s post.
    not a great believer in good/evil but agree “goodness” …however you see it… is its own reward.
  • Ocasio Takes A Dive!

    youtube.com

    i have a knee jerk reaction to any politico running in a slave party primary…and unfortunately, that reaction has never been incorrect. there are instances where i’ve said if so and so pushes single payer/ medicare for all, i will cross the class line to vote for them. never had to.

    i think it was Melody Roberts who posted an article from ISR (???) recounting the history of the socialist hostile takeover of the Demi-cans in Minnesota in the 1930’s, 40’s. they w’d run in their primary but refuse to endorse the winner if their class enemy won. DSA has a friendly, kiss-ass takeover where they mainly capture themselves.

 

  • Gilberto de Leon commented on David I. Walsh‘s post.
    funny but… in actuality, the billionaires have underlings in their slave party to put out the bs that the slaves eat up with a spoon. of course, those of us on the left regard this slave compliance as false consciousness.
  • this from Simcha Fisher’s article: “Hell, I fell for that with Anita Hill. I let them convince me that Clarence Thomas was the savior we needed to put this country to rights, and that this trashy, unhinged woman was just sniffing around him looking for glory, probably paid off by some secret politics operatives to make up a story that didn’t even sound true”.

    i doubt very much that this nomination by Trump will cause his “base” to bolt. the majority of white women voted for him as opposed to the demi-shit. this was especially helpful in the swing states he needed.

    what this will do is motivate the 45-55% of the voters that oppose him.
    this % is unevenly distributed and will not help the dem’s much in the upcoming slave state election.

 

SEPTEMBER 20
  • 'Don't forget to register! We're getting close to capacity! We are lucky to have Bill Bianchi walk us through the House bill, HR 676, Expanded & Improved Medicare For All Act.  Bill Bianchi, a member of Jane Addams Senior Caucus, has served on the Illinois Single-Payer Coalition board for over 5 years, and he’s been active in the Single payer movement since 2007. He is helping to develop a comprehensive report on the ramifications of the current healthcare system and single-payer. Bill also served as the state coordinator of Progressive Democrats of America and on the national training team for the Sierra Club. Professionally, Bill has been a high school English teacher and a developer of customized training programs for businesses and nonprofit organizations. He lives in Chicago with wife Judith and two dogs.'

    faith in the demi-shit wing of the slave state’s party… pardon me, the progressive demi-shits…is what has us up a shit creek.

    Obama was for single payer… before he was elected. oh? wasn’t he a progressive demi-shit?

     

  • Gilberto de Leon commented on Eric Draitser‘s post.

    heard someone say so&so’s government killed its own people to which i responded “all governments kill their own people” that’s the slave state’s alternative to slavery. here we have 3, 5 or more governments killing people.

    “How long shall they kill black people
    While we stand aside and look? Ooh
    Some say it’s just a part of it
    We’ve got to fulfill the Book…”
    –Bunny Wailer’s version of Redemption Song

  • Gilberto de Leon commented on Tina Bea‘s post.
    don’t accept their terms…don’t legitimize them by appearing before them…
  • Gilberto de Leon commented on Debra Perry‘s post.
    if you see the beauty, others see it. don’t mess it up with humanoid vocalizing…or … don’t mistake your finger or words for the beautiful.
  • Gilberto de Leon commented on Tina Bea‘s post.
    don’t have much concern for inter-class squabbles among the slave owners but love to see their confusion. don’t know who Ms Ford is but she seems to have learned from the history of the slave senate…don’t trust them. it’s amazing that they think she w’d feel safe at the same table as her assaulter…
  • Gilberto de Leon commented on Dennis Brasky‘s post.
    read article …ISR?… describing socialists hostile takeover of the demi-shit wing of the slave party in the 1930’s. the Farmer-Labor Democratic Party they ran candidates in the slave party primary but refused to endorse their class “enemies”. zounds like DSA wants a “friendly” takeover of a wing of the slave party.🚮
  •  

    Gilberto de Leon commented on Melody Roberts‘s post.
    read article on socialist hostile takeover of the demi-shit wing of the slave party in Minnesota …called the Farmer-Labor Democratic Party in the 1930’s. they participated in demi-shit primaries but refused to endorse their class enemies. soundz like DSA is more interested in a “friendly” takeover. 🚮
did she endorse Cuomo in November? there goes the hostile takeover of the demi-shit wing of the slave party.

 

 

interestingly, Allende promoted Pinochet to chief of staff…😡…that came back killingly…

i now* agree that blocing with the SP against the coup was the only option though clear that no force with similar weight as the Bolsheviks in Russia 1917 existed. they defended the Kerensky govt against the Kornilov putsch and set the stage for their eventual conquest of power in October 1917.

***i say now because i was a member of the SL at the time and we denounced Allende’s govt …not incorrect…but then didn’t give critical support. wasn’t til decades later.that i read Fidel and John Riddell on the issue and agreed.

w’d it have made a difference? NO. even the MIR was caught up in the Pinochet’s sweep and unable to mount an opposition.

 

outright chattel slavery existed in the uskkka til the mid 19th century…fuedal serfs were sold with the land…the distinctions are legalistic and self serving bs for the slave owning class.

we’ve had several socialist & communist internationals that claimed to be the int’l party of the working class. in both cases, the leading parties distorted their original mission to their own purposes. in the case of command party slave states after riding a revolutionary wave, they create a replacement slave owning class…based on necessity…of course.

“leadership from below” …isn’t that the original description of an egalitarian movement and society that the anarchist and early socialists advocated?

i’m not informed enough to choose among the various anarchist tendencies…like the command party advocates, they are legion…but after reading a bit on the origin of the neolithic slave states, i agree that the main nexus for slavery…chattel or wage… is the slave state based on large scale, now industrialized agriculture and it’s ambition to enslave all and dominate the planet.

 

“capitalism’ isn’t the first slave state society…those have existed for 6-10,000 years. the main function of early settlement states (neolithic) was to capture slaves to do the drudge work of large scale agriculture. up until recently, slave states didn’t dominate the entire earth…they did claim it…no longer true…there is no frontier/ no-state lands to which the slaves can go Maroon.

unfortunately, the command party states (doftheP, state capitalist whatever?) have shown us it won’t be the last slave state…the wealthy reproduce themselves very nicely at the expense of a new set of slaves. on and on it goes…

the slave owning class has always been philanthropic…🤗

 

  • thought the left i identified with could be described as the “anti imperialist left”… a problem… among many… with this left is its current ineffectiveness.

    other than FB posts and the occasional demo, I do not contribute much to the solution. right now it seems that the soft socialists and sheep dogs of the demi-shits have the field to themselves.

    thankfully, in this mix, the pro Assad, pro Putin sliver of the left isn’t very effective either.

SEPTEMBER 12
SEPTEMBER 11

 

counter intuitive for the slave state masters to tolerate, assist the slaves even the most irrelevant of say so in its affairs…
SEPTEMBER 7
  • Gilberto de Leon commented on Debra Perry‘s post.

    recently watched one of his films, Life begins at Forty….two things struck me:.

    i’m 30 years past that marker. They’re kids at 40… though popular meme is to portray them as near senility.

    Other than Rogers who was part Cherokee Indian, no non whites in the cast.

    as a kid watching popular entertainment, i wondered how they disappeared whole groups of folks… even figures who were “progressive” weren’t allowed across the color line.

  • Gilberto de Leon commented on Roger Sheppard‘s post.
    and the AFL-CIO is leading an inspiring fight back general strike….NOT. duh?
  • Gilberto de Leon commented on Doug Nielson‘s post.
    misplaced nostalgia, mis-attributed “feminism”…
SEPTEMBER 6
  • Gilberto de Leon commented on Debra Perry‘s post.
    Slave states thrive on domination…no more vulnerable population than refugees…the other is always shunned and persecuted.
  • Gilberto de Leon commented on Eric Draitser‘s photo.
    'It's settled.'
    as a “marxista” I was pledged to the class struggle. realized there was a prehistory to that model but it was near irrelevant and barely worth considering. Lately, i’ve realized that hunanoids have been around for hundreds of thousands years… the neolithic slave states co evolved with agriculture and are 6-10,000 years old… modern slave states are the continuation not the originators of depravation and oppression. Most of humanoid history is the struggle to escape slave states.
SEPTEMBER 5

 

SEPTEMBER 4
  • Gilberto de Leon commented on Doug Nielson‘s post.

    humanoids aren’t the only creatures that co evolved with neolithic slave agriculture…rodents, weeds, insects and microbial parasites came along… conditions were ideal…they were fruitful and multiplied. these 3…4 if you throw in potatoes are responsible for the many diseases that affect humanoids.

    don’t know what the solution may be… It’s a dilemma 6-10,000 years in the making and it has chained earthlings into an impasse.

    earth will abide. Humanoids?

SEPTEMBER 2
  • Gilberto de Leon commented on Dennis Brasky‘s post.
    we, along with most folks, call it a war but it was a combination occupation, suppression of a long running liberation struggle, involvement in a civil war among the Vietnamese. had many elements. after 500 plus were killed in this one village, amerikkkanos went on to kill 10 million or more folks in Southeast Asia. the Vietnamese may forgive…i don’t.
SEPTEMBER 1
August 2018
AUGUST 31
  • Gilberto de Leon commented on Dennis Brasky‘s post.
    took a peek…😂
  • Gilberto de Leon commented on Tina Bea‘s post.
    I know a few folks with various fed jobs… most don’t seem to understand the need for self organization and fight back… everything happens to them. i’m a long time believer that”unions don’t organize workers… workers organize unions”…OR NOT.
  • Gilberto de Leon commented on Eric Draitser‘s post.
    realize if i have to ask, i don’t get the joke.

     

    pathetic. sad. likely voted for one of the slave state parties. as Biko said “the most powerful weapon in the hands of the oppressor is the mind of the oppressed”.
    • the Bolsheviks did not call themselves the “communist party” until after October 1917.

      the various socialist groups including the Bolsheviks were active in the Russian workers and soldiers movement and though not at the head of the provisional government, were active in the worker and city wide organizations and council’s (soviets).

      revolutions are those rare instances when ordinary folk push the formerly powerful out of the fucken way and begin to make decisions on their own.
      the tragedy of most uprisings of the chattel or wage slaves is that if not crushed militarily, they rarely… never so far… achieve the egalitarian, dignified vision that guided them in the beginning or in their ideology.

      though i’m no longer a command party activist, I don’t minimize the role of the command/communist party in creating mega industrialized, super repressive slave states…these mega slave states are market capitalist slave states’ wet dreams.

      many European and amerikkkan engineers, agricultural architects, planners worked with the Russian Soviet government on mega slave farm and factory projects.

      See James C Scott’s “Seeing like a State”.

      • Gilberto de Leon commented on Kim Dupere‘s post.
        it’s their slave state…
      • Gilberto de Leon commented on Doug Nielson‘s post.
        perhaps altar servers and seminarians should be given guns…
      • Peggy Hotes James C Scott “Against the Grain” & “Seeing like a State”. Richard Manning (also titled) “Against the Grain, how agriculture has hijacked civilization”… which i’m currently reading. have to admit i am drawn to this thesis by my misgivings on command party slave states.

        i now use that phraseology to describe a project i and many others hoped to create.

        my initial starting point was… probably…Martin Buber’s “Paths to Utopia”. at that point, i realized, that like many other traditions of thought, Marxism, Leninism, Trotskyism, Maoism, Fidelismo were narrowly self referential and self justifying.

        these authors are explicitly or implicitly anarchist.

        i am not familiar enough with the anarchist tendencies… as in the xian and communist traditions they are legion…to identify with a chosen one. i do identify with the “crude” post civil war anarchist workers movement that culminated with the Haymarket martyrs and IWW prior to WW1.

        a mind exercise? a dead end? Probably. Practical? if the only way out of slave state slavery is the collapse of the slave states…???

        the books I’ve been reading point out that for much of humanoid history… until recently & overlapping much of what’s identified as the neolithic… the majority of the humanoids lived beyond the authority of the slave states.

        very few people are now beyond the slave state’s domination.

        I apologise for the long…for Fb … response.

      AUGUST 29
      • Gilberto de Leon commented on Peggy Hotes‘s post.

        Thoughtful.

        lately, i’ve been reading on the transition from Paleolithic lifestyle to settled agriculture and neolithic slave state slavery and realized that the socialist, communist left that i have identified with all my adult life narrows “relevant” humanoid history to the beginnings of industrialization and the bourgeois revolutions of the late 18th century. Some marxistas reach back to mercantile capitalism, city states of the 13th, 14th centuries in europe.

        the neolithic slave states of Asia, Africa, the amerikkkas and Europe are the origin and model for the now all encompassing, militarily overwhelming modern slave states.

        this is a 6-10,000 years perspective that posits that the primitive neolithic slave state’s mission of control and expropriate defines the modern slave state.

        Freedom? in the past, only the collapse of slave states set the captives free.

      • Gilberto de Leon commented on Peggy Hotes‘s post.

        don’t think this is a “union” campaign. one problem with appeals like this… not linked to actual fight back efforts of the wage slaves involved.

        Marxistas need to look much further back than the industrial revolution for the origin of the slave state and its false consciousness.

        Neolithic state slavery good. Non chattel existence bad. 4 legs good. 2 legs better.

      • Gilberto de Leon commented on Hunter Crow‘s post.
        there are term limits… vote the mutters out…if the left can’t win local representative office, what biz…???… does it have running for slave state executive office?
      AUGUST 28
      • Gilberto de Leon commented on Earl Silbar‘s post.

        Com’on, Earl…as a long time leftie, you know that wage slaves have always been under assault of the slave state masters…in amerikkka, imo, the workers movement led by anarchists, socialist and other left organizations dates to the end of the “civil war”…

        i think the first general pstrike, initiated by a railroad strike was in 1876. at that time, the slave masters w’d simply reduce the wages of their employees to make up for any loss in profits… they learned that this provoked even the most backward elements of our class to join the fight back. Much less expensive to have bargaining agreements and a corrupted, demi-shit loving labor bureaucracy.

      • Gilberto de Leon commented on Dennis Brasky‘s post.

        the SWP & YSA that i was aligned with kept their distance from these demos. Considered them back door support for McCarthy… though we were later very active in defense of Bobby Seale and the Conspiracy 7.

        despite the admonitions of veteran comrades, many of the younger YSA’ers went to Lincoln Park and the demos in Grant Park to get our fill of tear gas.

        some, like my brother, Tony went with Dick Gregory on his March to the Amphitheatre. He was a bit crazier than me…and a way better street fighter.

      • Gilberto de Leon commented on Eric Draitser‘s post.

        Started reading the first few paragraphs… I’ll pass on the rest.

        though i have a word of caution.. remember when a family that ran a children’s care center in California were accused of slaughtering giraffes to scare children into silence…put those folks in jail… until courts realized how group think can work “miracles”.

        i don’t want my hatred for the RC to slide over into that kind of hysteria.

      • aug 28, 2018

        Gilberto de Leon commented on Melody Roberts‘s post.

        the domestication of animals went hand in glove with the enslavement of labor for agriculture. the origin, DNA of the modern and future slave states is in that transition from hunter gatherers to neolithic slaves. no Paleolithic tribe ever gave up its nomad, barbarian lifestyle to slave for the new lords of agricultural accumulation.

        the command party advocates claim that their mega slave state will free the slaves… an insidious fantasy that the cause of the problem will be the solution. only the collapse of the slave states will set the captives free.

         

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Kwame Ture, African American revolutionary socialist…

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Kwame Ture (previously known as Stokely Carmichael) born June 29, 1941. Trinidad and Tobago. he and SNCC played major role in the Civil Rights movement of the early 1960’s and the Black Nationalist and Pan African movements that developed from that movement. he was one of the fiercest opponents of the US war on Vietnam and an ally of liberation and socialist movements. passed November 23, 1998.

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A short account of the Deep History of State Evasion by James C. Scott & my comments

 

been reading James C. Scott’s books on the slave raiding, trading and coerced labor origins & character of the state… the rise of states is co-terminus with the rise of large scale agriculture & settlements in pockets of europe, the middle east, Asia, Africa & the amerikkkas prior to european colonization.  his retelling makes clear that the european slave trade w’d not have been possible without a long history of slave capturing & trading not just in Africa but throughout the world.  often non-state groups main form of inter action with the state was to exchange slaves for food or worked goods.

i began with Against the Grain…a deep history of the earliest states.  currently reading Seeing like a state…how certain schemes to improve the human condition have failed.

first an aside

a couple of years ago, i happened on a novel by Mario Vargas Llosa called el hablador.

“el hablador” translates into english as the talker but has the connotation of liar. the narrator recounts the story of a fellow anthropology student. a young man from a Jewish background who in the course of the story sheds his euro-centered identity and adopts the identity of the aboriginals he was studying.

the “hablador” among the aboriginals is a man who takes on the role of traveling from small group to small group…though of the tribe, these groups are isolated from each other…the major link between them is the “hablador” who listens to the latest news of each family group…gossip, hardships, deaths, marriages, births, movements, etc. he relates what he’s heard from other groups he’s visited and then moves on.  a major element of the story is that these groups’ isolated existence is motivated by their aversion to the euro-colonialist…their way of life, their labor demands, their greed for land & resources and especially their diseases. i had not read Scott’s work at that time but the story gives a narrative version of Scott’s thesis.

comments

hopefully, readers of this blog share my interest in the origin and character of the state.

Scott begins his presentation with a quote:  “it is said that the history of people who have a history is the history of class struggle.  it might be said with at least as much truthfulness, that the history of peoples without history is the history of their struggle against the state.”  from having read Against the Grain, this struggle is mainly the struggle to avoid the grasp of states’ need for coerced labor, conscription, sexual slavery & contagious diseases.

he then gives the gist of the author of that quote, Pierre Clastres who suggested that “what anthropologists had thought of as stone age, primitive people were in fact, ex-sedentary cultivators who took up foraging and hunting in order to escape forced labor and the diseases associated with the Spanish (unintelligible) and that they devised a social structure & subsistence practice that kept them away from states and prevented states from arising among them.”  (note:  i haven’t read any material by Clastres.  will do so and if interesting blog about it.)

the information that Scott provides and his conclusions about the origins and nature of states calls into question the view of advocates of state socialism (mainly Marxist-Leninists) that in order to obtain our desired relationships among humans…equality, fraternity, liberty, from each according to their ability, to each according to their need that we would need to create a “worker’s state”, “dictatorship of the proletariat”, five-ten-20 year-never ending industrial development plans guided by “the” vanguard party.

from the framework provided by Scott, i can ask some seemingly awkward but actually sly questions.

if the slave raiding, capturing and holding nature of the state is its main characteristic, its DNA… Lenin referred to the state as an “armed body of men” whose purpose is to crush any opposition to the ruling class whose bidding it is doing…then why do we imagine that creating a more intensive, aggressive, intrusive, repressive state will carry us to liberty, equality, fraternity???

this assertion runs counter to the result seen in Russia, eastern Europe, China, North Korea, Cuba.

state building, creation, existence is the problem not the solution.  Engels, Lenin and the anarchists suggest that in a truly democratic and egalitarian society, there would need to be the administration of things but not a state, armed bodies of men that w’d exist apart from the governed.

Lenin was accused by other bolsheviks of having gone over to the anarchist view of the state when he stated everyone w’d participate in the governance of things in his most democratic minded formulations in the state and revolution.

when in power, the Bolsheviks and later communists, w’d govern on a militaristic, pyramid models of decision making in which centralized decision makers …their own membership and leadership bodies… made decisions and the toiling classes followed these directives.

no successful governing model, entity is a completely closed circle.  one could join the ruling party and work one’s way up the pyramid.  and some very skillful, charismatic folks did just that.  of course, these societies quickly became as stratified as the hierarchies they had displaced.

for the vast majority of the population, discipline or prison were the understood alternatives.  the new boss looked very much like the old boss.  perhaps in different uniforms, with different lingo.

what is to be done?

we cannot return to pre-neolithic times…for one thing as Scott points out states have metastasized and now occupy what was once “frontier” …most of earth’s space.  states have pushed ever deeper into the zones of escape.  areas once open to  the barbarians, nomads, escaped slaves, defeated peoples have been closed.  genocide.  disease.  displacement have taken their toll.

the never ending wars among these slave states have destroyed the infrastructure of the losers (& at times the winners) which is the story of the current middle east, Africa & the resulting massive displacement of peoples with no asylum.

is there a way that we can share in the advances of science, technology, infrastructure and realize our utopian dreams?

no one author, activist, blogger can offer a sure fire solution to this dilemma.

let’s take into account the obvious. if we allow a state apparatus to usurp decision making the result is the state will be our slave master.

Lenin & his progeny made a virtue of central planning & decision making at the expense of direct decision making by the toiling classes…in factories, industries, communities, local representative bodies.  the designated “higher” levels gained veto power over local decision making.  this is the history of the period following the 1917 Revolutions.  oppositions outside the Bolsheviks were suppressed a few months after October.  in 1921, the Bolsheviks banned factions within their own party while suppressing an Anarchist revolt in Kronstadt.  later anyone the slightest out of step with the inner circle was sidelined, jailed or slaughtered.

the entire repressive apparatus of the capitalist states the Bolsheviks claimed they had replaced were recreated and super-charged. Russia went from being the “prison house of nations” under the Tsar to being a massive prison house of its own citizens.  a modern nation slave state.

the solution to the slave-state intolerance of democracy , local decision making is (i thinks) obvious:

advocate for the fullest levels of direct, local decision making.  adopt the rule of the Paris Commune, immediate recall of any elected or appointed public official & extremely high standards & strict term limits for some duties…especially for police duties.  the administration of things not people.

a ridiculous objection

i’ve heard some ridiculous objections to this by otherwise very intelligent Marxists.  one was by David Harvey …and recently at the ISO’s Socialist Conference by Todd Chretien at a session where i questioned the forever character of the dofduP… they both asked by way of analogy, if we w’d get on a plane flown by committee instead of an experienced pilot?  that’s just plain bizzare.

if corporate for profit airlines can staff their flight crews with trained & reasonably experienced pilots, i don’t see where that w’d be a problem when the administration of things is the guiding principle.  policies w’d be set by the widest possible circle of folks involved in that enterprise while direct operation of machinery w’d be assigned to those with known skills and knowledge.  the necessity of expertise in many areas would still operate, be acknowledged as a practical need.

folks w’d not lose their capacity to reason simply because they are now making their own effective decisions.

this ridiculous objection translates into only slave state style directives can manage an airline or other complex operation.  i don’t think so.

often folks who are directly involved in production are key to advances in production.  that was certainly the case prior to state usurpation of the landscape and has continued to be the case for the last 10,000 years in which states have dominated.  in fact, this sense that working folks can determine their own conditions, make their own decisions is the driving element for the socialist, anarchist movements.

interestingly, Scott has a chapter on practical knowledge which he calls by it’s Greek name, Metis in Seeing like a State.

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Some guiding Dichos, Man to Man about You Know who, Famous Last Words & Ay, tu…Los Buenos Dichos —four short sections of the Maldixos

6 5 2018.   these short sections are the last to be culled from the 2001 MD’s.  i edited the raw Dichos for format or punctuation purposes.  the entire collection is now in category titled MalDichos.  i don’t pretend that there are redeeming qualities in taking a non-censorship attitude and allowing vulgar, gender insensitive Dixos to pass into the public realm…but….in my defense, i’ll take Jimi Hendrix’s statement when asked why he played…though i would say destroyed the slave anthem? …. fuck it.  i’m an american.

*************************************************************XXXXXXXXXXX

some guiding dichos

The fault, dear Brutus, is not in our stars,
But in ourselves, that we are underlings.       – W Shakespeare Julius Ceasar

Let us waste no time in sterile litanies and nauseating mimicry. Leave this Europe where they are never done talking of Man, yet murder men everywhere they find them, at the corner of every one of their own streets, in all the corners of the globe.                                             -Jean Paul Sartre’s preface to Frantz Fanon’s The Wretched of the Earth

It is the system itself that, that is incapable of producing freedom for the twenty-two million Afro-Americans. Just like a chicken can’t lay a duck egg because the system of the chicken isn’t constructed in the way to produce a duck egg. And just as that chicken system can’t produce, is not capable of producing a duck egg, the political and economic system of this country is absolutely incapable of producing freedom and justice and equality and human dignity for the twenty-two million Afro-Americans … and if a chicken was to produce a duck egg, it would be considered a revolutionary chicken.”            -Malcolm X

“I believe that there will ultimately be a clash between the oppressed and those who do the oppressing. I believe that there will be a clash between those who want freedom, justice and equality for everyone and those who want to continue the system of exploitation. I believe that there will be that kind of clash but I don’t think it will be based on the color of the skin.”      -Malcolm X

Your Honor, years ago I recognized my kinship with all living beings, and I made up my mind that I was not one bit better than the meanest on earth. I said then, and I say now, that while there is a lower class, I am in it, and while there is a criminal element I am of it, and while there is a soul in prison, I am not free.   – Eugene Debs statement on being convicted of sedition for opposing WW1.  September 18, 1918

 

Man to Man about you know who……

To know, know, know them is to have great and serious doubts about them.

You think I’m a beast?  … I know I am but what are you?

Women think you have to change chones every day………..Men don’t.                                                   GdL:  don’t think so or don’t change chones?  ever?  they wait til what?  when?

Women think that we should bathe at reasonable intervals, every day if possible.                    I thought they were suppose to like the way we smell?

They told him the pussy was free…but no, no, no, it ain’t.  you gots to pay through the nozz.             -a man who just learned about one of  life’s b-tragedies

Life’s a B or lack thereof and then you die.   exactly what is this punishment for?

Sure as vaca-sow shit…you’re a future pussy Hall of Famer.

A vaca-sow- clown will never open a door for you and will never close it properly behind her.                  -lessons in vaca-sow-clown husbandry?  is that the right word?

my friend? …the sick man of the neighborhood.  Almost a registered pervert.

B to Humphrey Bogart:  you’re (speaking) too fast.                                                                        Bogie:  What do you want me to do?  Learn to stutter.      –the Maltese Falcon

The personal is political.  Everything is personal.

The only person you’ll scare away is your future ex-husband.

The idea that you could possibly be happy without them makes them cringe.  They don’t like to have their game called for the bluff it happens to be.  They want us to continue thinking that we need them.

? the bitches are disappointing you, my man?  … you need to lower your expectations.

Don’t hang out with them, it only lowers your intelligence….oh….and makes your tongue hang out.

If butts were brains, women would be smarter than men.                                                                 GdL:  and perhaps they are…

Wouldn’t it be nice if women came with remote controls???

In his private heart no man respects himself.      -Mark Twain

Time to thin the herd….            –JJ on vacas

Get the cattle prod and gloves on…she’s back.

Hope springs eternal in a man’s breast when he’s after a woman’s ass.

Why do women fake orgasm?  They think we care.        -JJ

All I wanted was a hamburger…I didn’t want to buy the whole fucken vaca-cow!                                   -thanks to Mr. J.

Was it the bitches, my man?  had to be the bitches…   – bro who knows how to commiserate

Are you up for the down (stroke).

Don’t let your dick do your thinking for you.                                                                                             -under the category of it’s a muscle not an organ

A hard dick doesn’t solve all of life’s problems.                                                                                      -under the category of “are you sure?”

There ain’t nothing hard…and everything that starts out hard goes soft.                                            -better to hear it from a friend, a male friend.

No bitch can be my friend…I got enough trouble as it is.

Let no B write my epitaph.

What was that?  If the bitches had hooks, what would you do?  -Mr. SK’s question

If they’re the weaker sex, how come they have us by the balls?  How come, my man????

Nothing sadder than a man looking for some lost pussy he can’t find:  “I know I left it right here….fuck, did it grow legs and walk away.”                                                                               -a voice in the B wilderness (banned in the Ciudad)

She’s just too weird for me.                                                                                                                 -the monster puts a brutal, perhaps dishonest face-saver on rejection

Nature has given women so much power that the law very wisely has given them very little.     -Dr Johnson…exactly what was this old boy a “doctor” of?

A man may pass through a barrage of cannon fire with less damage to his character than through a squabble with a nagging wife.         –GB Shaw

 To marry a second time represents the triumph of hope over experience.   -Dr Johnson

A bitch with no teats might as well kill herself.       -Minnesota Fred

More than a mouthful’s just a waste.                        -Minnesota Fred

There’s an extradition order out for her nose:  get out of town and take your big nazz with you.                 -speaking of Celine Dion #1

Why does she carry two Canadian passports…one for herself and one her nose.                                                   -speaking of Celine Dion #2

There were four of us at the table/ me, you and your big feet.                                                           -Fats Waller Your Feets Too big

don’t give ’em your real name.    – advice from Fats Waller

Most of the time, we act weak.  That’s what the B’s want.                                                                        GdL:  sure…keep telling yourself “i’m not weak, i’m only acting..”

Nothin’ more fun than spending $.  Women take it to a higher level:  Nothing more fun than spending your money, honey.

Hey, every man that ain’t out is a closet fag.

Women are so sweet when they’re trying to hook a man.  Later, it’s “where’s the credit card?” and “Don’t u ever bathe??”   -GdL:  Oh yeah, you’ve never heard that before…

Sometimes, I’m passive…mostly I’m willful…and I like it like that.

You’re too young for me…I need an ohhhhhld lady…someone who’s slower than I am.                             -perhaps i am too old

A way too honest Man to some woman whose name he can hardly recall:  Chase you?  Why? would I chase you?  I was secretly (and not so secretly) happy to see you go…why would I chase you?

Ask Ms Metiche…you’ll always get the latest snitch.

What is left for the sun to do after you rise?   –Calderon de la Barca Life’s a Dream

I’m a man & very easily misled.   -Man to woman, stating the obvious and what she already knows only too well.

Baby, you don’t have to apologize to me for your gender.                                                                     -Is that the right thing to say?

The messiah will not come until there’s peace on earth.                                                         -GdL:  solves that mystery…that dude will never darken our doorway again.

 

 

   FAMOUS LAST WORDS?????

 

There he is.  You get him.

Let them eat cake.  –Marie Antoinette at beginning of 1789 French Revolution

Who told you that?

The check is in the mail.

Do nothin’ till you hear from me.    -Billie Holiday song

Please don’t talk about me when I’m gone.    –Billie Holiday song                                                       GdL: But we do, Billie.

That’s like giving cigarettes to lung cancer patients.    GdL:  ciggies are so sexy

Kill them all, god will easily recognize his own.    –Abbot Arnaud, 1209 AD

Kill them all.  Let Allah sort them out.

Eat the rich…who’s hungry?   -dicho common to Manson Family and Weathermen

You wanted Godzilla, you got Godzilla!!!    –just before the bombs went off

Here comes everybody.     –James Joyce, Finnegan’s Wake

Hi, I’m a Jehovah’s Witness.   GdL:  shoot first, ask questions later.

Bullets cannot kill me.   —Geronimo                                                                                                           GdL:  well, Mexican army bullets couldn’t kill him.

Work will set you free.          -Nazi slogan at entrance to Auschwitz

This is not art, this is a gob of spit in the face of art.                                                                              –Henry Miller Tropic of Cancer

Death: Kinda like a cosmic version of walk like an egyptian.

The one who dies with the most toys, wins.

 The passive aggressive shall inherit the earth…who the fuck else wants it??

 It’s okay … I’m with the government.

You never have enough money on a winner…and the odds are always good on the losers.               -Race track wisdom

 Reality is a selection.  We self select our realities at each moment.                                                           –after watching David Cronenberg’s existenz

 Plastic lasts forever.

Plastic may not last forever but it certainly lasts much longer than most of us would like.

 Just being there is the most important element of life.  The cosmos will do the rest.

Good things can only happen when you are at the right place at the right time.

  

 

AY, TU……LOS BUENOS DICHOS

 

Do not treat others in a way that you would not want to be treated.  This is the whole Torah…the rest is commentary.    –Hillel

The stone that the builder refused/ will always be the head corner stone.  -Bob Marley

Thank you lord for you made me sing.   -Bob Marley

Take away my pain and give me grace.   -Gospel Blues

Now the weak must get strong…oh, what a tribulation.   -Bob Marley

Let like cure like.    -Homeopathic credo

The scariest words in the world?  I might as well tell you now.                                                   -thanks to Charles Schultz

Be a fountain not a drain.  -Rex Hudler, California Angels baseball announcer

Whenever I raise my head and eyes, I feel as though I’ve gained 4 to 6 inches in height.

Absence makes the heart grow fonder.   –sappy but probably true.

One does nothing and nothing is left  undone.  -Taoist dicho

Say nothing and nothing is left unsaid.

No self, No soul.     -Buddhist dicho

Beliefs won’t keep you warm on a cold night.   –Ram Dass.   True of many beliefs.

If the doors of perception were cleansed, everything would appear to man as it is, infinite.        -William Blake

The creation was an act of mercy.   -Wiliam Blake

One world is enough.  Don’t do me no more favors.  -G Santayana and GdL

Nature has neither kernel nor shell, she is everything at once.    -Goethe

Nature does not bestow virtue.

To be good is an art.   -Seneca

If the Sun & Moon should doubt….They’d immediately Go out.    – William Blake

Once you’re alive…There’s no way out but dying.   -Anne Tyler Searching for Caleb

Today is a good day to die.   –Crazy Horse at Little Big Horn

Sometimes, we need more help than we are willing to ask for.  /It is humility to accept our humanity…pride to reject it.           -Thomas Merton

The tree is known by its fruits.  If you want to understand the social and political history of modern men, study hell.   -Thomas Merton New Seeds of Contemplation

Understanding is the reward of faith.  Therefore do not seek to understand in order that you may believe, but make the act of faith in order that you may understand; for unless you make an act of faith you will not understand.    -St Augustine

Understanding is the explication of faith.   -Nicholas of Cusa

Oh what a tangled web we weave when first we practice to believe.                                                        -butchered St Augustine?

i’ve been to the edge of the cosmos…And only my body returned.

 The perfect is the enemy of the good.   -GdL: good thing to say after a betrayal.

One repays a teacher badly if one always remains a pupil only.   -F. Nietzsche

Become who you are.   -Nietzsche

Be yourself is the worst advice you can give to some people.   -Tom Masson

Even I don’t listen to myself.            -on good advice

Perfection is attainable…but only by successive approximations.                                                                -the Salami theory of perfection

You can’t always get what you want…but if you try sometime, you get what you need.                       -Rolling Stones song

You can’t always get what you want, but often we want what we can’t have.   often we get what we can’t possibly want.  How can we possibly want what we get…It’s not healthy.

The superstition of science scoffs at the superstition of faith.    -J.A. Froude

To stand on one leg and prove god’s existence is a very different thing from going down on one’s knees and thanking him.    -S Kierkegaard on holy fellatio or was it genuflecting?

We have just enough religion to make us hate but not enough to make us love one another.   -J Swift

We are inclined to believe those we do not know because they have never deceived us.                -Samuel Johnson

Every man prefers belief to the exercise of judgment.    -Seneca

Non-cooperation with evil is as much a duty as is cooperation with good.                                                -Mahatma Ghandi

When asked about European civilization?  Mahatma Gandhi:  that would be a good idea.

The only thing necessary for the triumph of evil is for good men to do nothing.                               -Edmund Burke

The only good is knowledge and the only evil is ignorance.    -Socrates

Stars, darkness, a lamp, a phantom, dew, a bubble/ a dream, a flash of lightning and a cloud/ thus should we look upon the world.   -Mahayana Buddhist dicho

…we are the stuff as dreams are made of, and our little life is rounded with a sleep.                       -Shakespeare The Tempest

 

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